Inshore Species

black_drumBlack Drum: They can reach a maximum size of just over 100 pounds but usually range in the 25 to 40 pound range. They have deep bodies with 4 or 5 broad black bars on there sides. They can be found over sand or mud bottoms in bays and marshes and on the beaches. Black drum aren’t usually caught on artificial baits because they lack the speed to chase down lures and depend heavily on smell. These fish aren’t know for their great fighting ability, they tire quickly and just seem to give up.

black_drumFlounder: They spend most of their life lying and swimming along the bottom on their side. In the case of southern flounder, the left side is always the “up” side. The flounder is wonderfully adapted for its way of life. Both eyes in adults are on the “up” side of the head and the pigmentation of the upper side of the body can be varied to match the surrounding environment. Flounder prefer live to dead bait. Live shrimp retrieved slowly along the bottom often produce excellent results.

black_drumJack Crevalle: The Jack is a fast, saltwater fish. It has a large rounded head with large eyes and a dark silvery body that can show hints of blue-green to green-gold. They grow to more than three feet in length, though more commonly they are between one and two and a half feet long. The adult fish usually weighs between 15 to 30 pounds, but a 51 pound Crevalle Jack was taken off the coast of Florida . Jack Crevalle are not good to eat but they are prized as a game fish.

black_drumLadyfish: While we don’t necessarily target Ladyfish, they are a regular catch during the summertime. Ladyfish are considered poor-man’s tarpon. They are part of the same family as tarpon and they love to jump and run just like a small tarpon. They are regularly used for bait for big Trout, Redfish & Snook.

black_drumPermit: Color gray, dark or iridescent blue above, shading to silvery sides, in dark waters showing golden tints around breast., Found offshore on wrecks and debris, inshore in the inlet on outgoing tides on grass flats, sand flats, and in channels; most abundant in south Florida, with smaller specimens from every coastal county. Feeds mainly on bottom-dwelling crabs, shrimp, small clams, and small fish.

black_drumPompano: The Florida pompano is often confused with small permit. A pompano lacks the permit’s black blotch under the pectoral fin, and its body isn’t as deep, nor are the fins as long, or the tail as sickle-shaped. Average size is one to two pounds, with the occasional fish reaching six pounds.

black_drumRedfish: The lifespan of a red drum can exceed 40 years. The majority of the red drum life cycle is spent in nearshore waters and estuaries. Since red drum are not normally long distance travelers, they don’t stray far from the areas in which they were born. In Florida waters, red drum can reach lengths up to 45 inches and weights up to 51 pounds. Red drum begin spawning in the fall when daylight hours decrease and water temperature begins to cool. The red drum is an extremely popular Florida game fish due to its ability to fight for extended periods of time and to its popularity as a food fish.

black_drumSeatrout: Spotted Seatrout roam Florida’s bays & coastal waters Spotted seatrout males average 19 inches in length and females are 25 inches long on average weigh 2 to 3 pounds. Although catches of 10-13lbs are common in the summertime. Spotted seatrout swim near seagrass beds of shallow bays and estuaries during spring and summer, looking for prey. As water temperatures decline during fall, they move into deeper bay waters.

black_drumSnook: Snook can tolerate a wide range of salinity and may be found in fresh water. However, they are extremely sensitive to temperature. Snook are known as “ambush feeders” meaning that they’ll surprise attack their prey as it swims or moves into range. This occurs especially at the mouths of inlets where currents play a role while the snook waits in hiding behind bridge pilings, rocks, or other submerged structures.

black_drumTarpon: Tarpon can reach sizes up to 8 feet and can weigh up to 280 pounds. The life span of a tarpon can be in excess of 50 years. Tarpon are primarily found in shallow coastal waters and estuaries, but they are also found in open marine waters, around coral reefs, and in some freshwater lakes and rivers. Because of its strength, stamina, and fighting ability, the tarpon is one of Florida’s premier game fish. Tarpon can only be fished recreationally in Florida. The majority of recreational anglers practice catch and release since the fish is not considered to be of any food value.

Offshore Species

black_drumAmberjack: Greater Amberjacks are the largest of the jacks. They usually have dark stripes extending from nose to in front of their dorsal fins. They are usually 40 pounds or less, and are found associated with rocky reefs, debris, and wrecks, typically in 60 to 250 ft of water.

black_drumSailfish: Sailfish grow quickly, reaching 4-5 ft in length in a single year, and feed on the surface or at mid-depths on smaller pelagic fish and squid. Individuals have been clocked at speeds of up to 68mph, which is the highest speed reliably reported in a fish. Generally, sailfish do not grow to more than 3 m (10 ft) in length and rarely weigh over 200lbs. Sailfish are highly prized game and are known for their incredible jumps.

black_drumBonito: The Atlantic bonito, is a large mackeral-like fish. It is common in shallow waters from 60-120 ft deep in the Atlantic Ocean where it is an important commercial and game fish. A great fighting fish that can be used for bait, but is not great to eat.

black_drumCobia: Cobia grow to a maximum length of 78 inches and maximum weight of 150lbs, Cobia have elongated bodies and broad, flattened heads. Their eyes are small and their lower jaw projects slightly past the upper jaw. On the jaws, tongue and roof of the mouth are bands of fibrous teeth. The large pelvic fins are normally carried horizontally (rather than vertically as shown for convenience in the illustration, so that, as seen in the water they may be mistaken for a small shark. When boated, the horizontal pelvic fins enable the Cobia to remain upright so that their vigorous thrashing can make them a hazard.

black_drumDolphin: Dolphin (Mahi-Mahi) are highly sought for game fishing and commercial purposes. Game fishery is popular due to their beauty. Mahi-mahi have become popular as a dish in many restaurants. Dolphin are among the fastest-growing fish. They spawn in warm ocean currents throughout much of the year and have a lifespan of 3-4 years.

black_drumGrouper: Grouper typically having a stout body and a large mouth. They are not built for long-distance fast swimming. They swallow prey rather than biting pieces off it. They do not have many teeth on the edges of their jaws, but they have heavy crushing tooth plates inside the pharynx. They habitually eat fish, octopus, crab & lobster. They lie in wait under a reef or other structure, rather than chasing their meals in open water.

black_drumKing Mackerel: King Mackerel is a migratory species of mackerel that lives its entire life in the open waters of the western Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. It is an important species to both the commercial and recreational fishing industries. Kingfish can match its relative, the wahoo, in speed. Live bait is the most successful method of fishing for Kingfish.

black_drumSnapper: Red Snapper commonly inhabit waters from 30 to 200ft, but can be caught as deep as 300 ft or more on occasion. They stay relatively close to the bottom, and inhabit rocky bottom, ledges, ridges, and artificial reefs, including offshore oil rigs and shipwrecks. The red snapper’s body is very similar in shape to other snappers, such as the mangrove snapper, mutton snapper, lane snapper, and dog snapper. Like most other snappers, red snappers are gregarious and will form large schools around wrecks and reefs. These schools are usually made up of fish of very similar size. Red snapper are a prized food fish and are caught commercially, as well as recreationally.

black_drumTuna: Blackfin and Yellowfin are the sought after tuna off of the Eastern Central Florida Coast. They are some of the best eating and best fighting fish in the Atlantic Ocean. The yellowfin tuna are one of the largest tuna species, reaching weights of over 300 pounds. Blackfin tuna is the smallest tuna species , generally growing to a maximum of 39 inches and weighing 46 lbs. Blackfin have oval shaped bodies, black backs with a slight yellow on the finlets, and have yellow on the sides of their body.

black_drumWahoo: Wahoo-Wahoo are related to mackerels and live in tropical and subtropical waters worldwide. During the summer, they may migrate into temperate waters. According to the International Game Fish Association, the official record for the largest wahoo caught on hook and line is 158.5 lb. However, uncertified reports indicate wahoo may grow as large as 200 lb or more. Wahoo tend to be solitary, but they are occasionally found in small, loose schools. Wahoo is a prized game fish due to its speed, fighting qualities, and excellent flavor. Wahoo are among the fastest pelagic species (reaching speeds up to 60 mph) and are capable of capturing a wide range of prey, including various fishes and squid.